Biofiltration is a process that uses living organisms to filter and purify the air. This can be an effective and environmentally friendly way to clean indoor air, as it relies on natural processes rather than chemical treatments and disposable air filters. Biofiltration is often used in buildings to remove pollutants from the air and improve indoor air quality.
One way that biofiltration can be achieved is through the use of plants. Plants have microbial ecosystems of good bacteria that can absorb and break down contaminants in the air. They do this through a process called phytoremediation, which involves the uptake and degradation of pollutants by plant roots and the microbiome that live there.
Plants can remove a wide range of contaminants from the air, including volatile organic compounds (VOCs), particulate matter, and odors. Some plants are more effective at removing certain types of pollutants than others, so it is important to select the right plants for a particular biofiltration project.
In addition to their ability to filter contaminants from the air, plants also provide other benefits in biofiltration systems. They can help to maintain the balance of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the air we breathe and also provide humidity - both of which are extremely important factors when it comes to healthy indoor air.
There are several different types of biofiltration systems that use plants to filter indoor air, the most common type being a green wall or vertical garden. A green wall is a wall-mounted system that consists of plants growing in a vertical orientation. Green walls can be designed to work in a variety of indoor spaces - no matter how big or small - including offices, residential homes, and commercial buildings.
Biofiltration is a valuable tool for purifying indoor air, and the use of plants in these systems can provide a number of additional indoor air benefits. Biofiltration systems that use plants are environmentally friendly, cost-effective, and have the added bonus of being beautiful features for any space.